We compared bat use by mist-netting at 4 different types of wildlife water developments in southwestern Arizona during summer 2000 and 2001. Scaling our results by netting effort, we caught bats more frequently and observed higher species diversity at tinajas (modified natural rock pools) with larger open-water area compared with "guzzler" type water developments that had less open water and more obstacles to bat flight. We caught the fewest bats at guzzlers with buried concrete vault drinkers, which impede bat access and have the smallest areas of open water. Water development designs that minimize evaporative water loss by reducing the amount of open water apparently reduce use by bats in this area.
Rabe, Michael J. and Rosenstock, Steven S.
"Influence of water size and type on bat captures in the lower Sonoran Desert,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 65
, Article 10.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol65/iss1/10