Using multivariate analysis techniques, we analyzed variation in the structure of the benthic macroinvertebrate community in the North Fork and East Fork of the Virgin River in and above Zion National Park in concert with a number of naturally occurring and anthropogenic environmental variables. Correspondence analysis revealed that the community structure in the 2 streams was markedly different despite occurring in areas similar in topography, elevation, and terrestrial vegetation cover. Subsequent analyses of the 2 streams separately using canonical correspondence analysis to test for strength of association of environmental variables with variations in benthic macroinvertebrate community structure revealed that communities in the East Fork of the Virgin River were more associated with nitrogen-related variables influenced by agricultural and urban activities along the river and that communities in the North Fork were most strongly associated with naturally occurring physical variables.
Boyle, Terence P. and Strand, Matthew J.
"Macroinvertebrate community structure and related environmental variables in two forks of the Virgin River, Utah,"
Western North American Naturalist: Vol. 63
, Article 2.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/wnan/vol63/iss2/2