The early church was unable to continue once the apostles had departed. Bishops were only local officials and could not speak for the entire church. Beginning with the later second century, philosophy plays an increasingly important role in the church—this appears to be an effect rather than a cause of the apostasy.
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Graham, Daniel W. and Siebach, James L.
"Philosophy and Early Christianity,"
Review of Books on the Book of Mormon 1989–2011: Vol. 11
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/msr/vol11/iss2/6