Keywords

urban dynamics; historical vector topographic database; time series; clustering; dynamic time warping; edit-distance.

Location

Session C1: VI Data Mining for Environmental Sciences Session

Start Date

13-7-2016 11:30 AM

End Date

13-7-2016 11:50 AM

Description

This article introduces a new methodology dedicated to extracting the evolution of urban blocks from spatiotemporal topographic databases where an urban block is defined as the smallest area that is surrounded by communication network. To achieve this analysis, we apply the ascendant hierarchical clustering to sequences of urban block states (i.e.; sequences of class labels to which the block belongs to on each date). The principal originality of this approach is to use a measure based on DTW (Dynamic Time Warping) which is able to apprehend temporal behaviours (mainly time lags in dates corresponding to a change of state) and which takes into account the semantic proximity between the different kinds of urban blocks. Several experiments have been carried out on areas in the city of Strasbourg (France). First results are relevant and highlight realistic urban dynamics.

 
Jul 13th, 11:30 AM Jul 13th, 11:50 AM

Spatial Evolution of Urban Fabrics Extracted from Spatiotemporal Topographic Database using Symbolic Dynamic Time Warping

Session C1: VI Data Mining for Environmental Sciences Session

This article introduces a new methodology dedicated to extracting the evolution of urban blocks from spatiotemporal topographic databases where an urban block is defined as the smallest area that is surrounded by communication network. To achieve this analysis, we apply the ascendant hierarchical clustering to sequences of urban block states (i.e.; sequences of class labels to which the block belongs to on each date). The principal originality of this approach is to use a measure based on DTW (Dynamic Time Warping) which is able to apprehend temporal behaviours (mainly time lags in dates corresponding to a change of state) and which takes into account the semantic proximity between the different kinds of urban blocks. Several experiments have been carried out on areas in the city of Strasbourg (France). First results are relevant and highlight realistic urban dynamics.