Presenter/Author Information

Seleshi Yalew
Ann Van Griensven
L. Kokoszkiewicz

Keywords

parallel computing, grid computing, hydrological modelling, swat

Start Date

1-7-2010 12:00 AM

Description

The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) has been used widely for large scale applications, reaching entire continents. Within the EU funded EnviroGrids project, a detailed application of SWAT on the Black Sea Basin is envisaged using high resolution data. In order to support the computation, the model is run on a computer grid. The use of the SWAT allowed for such computations with little adaptations to the source. A 3-step procedure is needed. In the first step, a program is run in order to split the model into several sub-models. Afterwards, the sub-models are run in parallel. In a last step, the outputs of the sub-basins are collected at a central computer and the routing is performed. High computations are also needed when simulations have to be repeated, such as for sensitivity, calibration and uncertainty analysis. In these cases, the simulations are repeated for different parameter sets. In this paper, we discuss the gridification of the algorithm “LH-OAT” that performs sensitivity analysis and has been linked to the SWAT model. The results show a clear improvement in calculation time. Nevertheless, it is concluded that the parallel computing of a distributed model is mainly beneficial for large scale applications with high resolution, while running the sensitivity analysis algorithm has more general and obvious benefit. In a next step, the gridification will be optimised depending on the application and the overheads that are due to submission and receiving of files, as well as potential waiting times for executions on the grid.

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Jul 1st, 12:00 AM

Parallel computing of a large scale spatially distributed model using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)

The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) has been used widely for large scale applications, reaching entire continents. Within the EU funded EnviroGrids project, a detailed application of SWAT on the Black Sea Basin is envisaged using high resolution data. In order to support the computation, the model is run on a computer grid. The use of the SWAT allowed for such computations with little adaptations to the source. A 3-step procedure is needed. In the first step, a program is run in order to split the model into several sub-models. Afterwards, the sub-models are run in parallel. In a last step, the outputs of the sub-basins are collected at a central computer and the routing is performed. High computations are also needed when simulations have to be repeated, such as for sensitivity, calibration and uncertainty analysis. In these cases, the simulations are repeated for different parameter sets. In this paper, we discuss the gridification of the algorithm “LH-OAT” that performs sensitivity analysis and has been linked to the SWAT model. The results show a clear improvement in calculation time. Nevertheless, it is concluded that the parallel computing of a distributed model is mainly beneficial for large scale applications with high resolution, while running the sensitivity analysis algorithm has more general and obvious benefit. In a next step, the gridification will be optimised depending on the application and the overheads that are due to submission and receiving of files, as well as potential waiting times for executions on the grid.