Keywords

agricultural policy scenarios, agricultural sector modelling, semi-distributed modelling, n leaching, northern river basin

Start Date

1-7-2004 12:00 AM

Description

The INCA (Integrated Nitrogen CAtchment) model is a semi-distributed, dynamic nitrogen modelwhich simulates nitrogen fluxes in catchments. Sources of nitrogen can be atmospheric deposition, the terrestrialenvironment or direct discharges. The model can simulate nitrogen processes in six land use classes.There are three components included; the hydrological model, the catchment nitrogen process model and theriver nitrogen process model. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of three different agriculturalpolicy scenarios on inorganic nitrogen flux to the sea from Finnish catchments. Target years of these scenariosare 2010 and 2020. The changes in agricultural production in different scenarios of agricultural policy areevaluated using the DREMFIA model (Dynamic Regional Model of Finnish Agriculture). DREMFIA is adynamic dis-equilibrium model based on an evolutionary scheme of technology diffusion which considersfarm investments, evolving farm size structure and technological change explicitly. In the first phase of thestudy the INCA model is applied to the Simojoki river basin in northern Finland, where main anthropogenicinfluences are agriculture, atmospheric deposition and forestry. At the Simojoki river basin agriculture ismainly animal husbandry and grass cultivation. The river Simojoki discharges to the Bothnian Bay. Thepredicted changes in agricultural production and land use at Simojoki river basin prove to have more effecton inorganic nitrogen flux to the sea than changes in forestry practices or atmospheric deposition. This resultstems from the specific location, ecosystem type and characteristics of farm land in Simojoki basin. Next theINCA model will be applied to a river basin in southern Finland, where the main land use form is agriculture.

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Jul 1st, 12:00 AM

Assessing the Effects of Agricultural Change on Nitrogen Fluxes Using the Integrated Nitrogen CAtchment (INCA) Model

The INCA (Integrated Nitrogen CAtchment) model is a semi-distributed, dynamic nitrogen modelwhich simulates nitrogen fluxes in catchments. Sources of nitrogen can be atmospheric deposition, the terrestrialenvironment or direct discharges. The model can simulate nitrogen processes in six land use classes.There are three components included; the hydrological model, the catchment nitrogen process model and theriver nitrogen process model. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of three different agriculturalpolicy scenarios on inorganic nitrogen flux to the sea from Finnish catchments. Target years of these scenariosare 2010 and 2020. The changes in agricultural production in different scenarios of agricultural policy areevaluated using the DREMFIA model (Dynamic Regional Model of Finnish Agriculture). DREMFIA is adynamic dis-equilibrium model based on an evolutionary scheme of technology diffusion which considersfarm investments, evolving farm size structure and technological change explicitly. In the first phase of thestudy the INCA model is applied to the Simojoki river basin in northern Finland, where main anthropogenicinfluences are agriculture, atmospheric deposition and forestry. At the Simojoki river basin agriculture ismainly animal husbandry and grass cultivation. The river Simojoki discharges to the Bothnian Bay. Thepredicted changes in agricultural production and land use at Simojoki river basin prove to have more effecton inorganic nitrogen flux to the sea than changes in forestry practices or atmospheric deposition. This resultstems from the specific location, ecosystem type and characteristics of farm land in Simojoki basin. Next theINCA model will be applied to a river basin in southern Finland, where the main land use form is agriculture.