Eleven campgrounds in Yellowstone National Park were studied to determine the geography of 10 specific exotic plant species adjacent to campgrounds. Exotics were found in only 6 campgrounds. Six species were found at Mammoth campground, a low-elevation, dry site with year-round use. Only 2 species were found in the other 5 campgrounds. Exotics decreased with distance from Mammoth campground out to 6 m and then increased, suggesting a spread in their distribution. Significant associations were found between exotic presence and both open and closed canopies and low levels of disturbance. Generally, exotics decreased with an increase in cover of other vegetation forms. Five species were found most frequently in big sagebrush habitat types.
Allen, Karen and Hansen, Katherine
"Geography of exotic plants adjacent to campgrounds, Yellowstone National Park, USA,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 59
, Article 2.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol59/iss4/2