The flight periodicity of western balsam bark beetle (Dryocoetes confusus Swaine) in Big Cottonwood Canyon, Utah, was studied during the summer months of 1992, 1993, and 1994. Contents of baited funnel traps were tallied by species up to 3 times weekly. Two main periods of flight activity were observed each year. The first and, generally, largest occurred in early summer soon after flight was initiated for the season. A 2nd period was observed in late summer, generally August. Timing of the 2 periods was influenced by unusually warm or cool weather in each study year. The 1st period had more males than females while the 2nd period had a majority of females. Except during periods of cool or wet weather, western balsam bark beetles were found to be active at least at minimal levels from June through September.
Hansen, E. Matthew
"Western balsam bark beetle, Dryocoetes confusus Swaine, flight periodicity in northern Utah,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 56
, Article 9.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol56/iss4/9