In 1987 the effects of arthropods on root:shoot ratios and biomass production were examined in southeastern Wyoming mountain shrub habitats that were undisturbed or had undergone conventional shrub management by mowing, burning, or herbicide application during the previous year. In habitats with and without shrub canopy, treatment with insecticides generally increased foliage biomass and consistently decreased root biomass, regardless of the shrub management practice. In open areas the effects of insecticide treatments on the root and shoot biomass were relatively greater in undisturbed plots than in any of the managed plots. With only one exception, the root:shoot ratio increased following application of insecticide.
Christiansen, Tim A.; Lockwood, Jeffrey A.; and Powell, Jeff
"Effects of arthropods on root:shoot ratio and biomass production in undisturbed and modified mountain shrub habitats,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 49
, Article 16.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol49/iss3/16