The influence of artificial shade on the distribution and abundance of juvenile chinook salmon was studied in a side channel of the South Fork Salmon River, Idaho. Fish biomass and abundance were greater in shaded than in unshaded areas when compared to both cumulative incident light reaching the study sections during the 72-hour test runs and instantaneous incident light conditions at the end of the 72-hour test runs. Because conditions may be atypical at the time of instantaneous light measurement, we prefer cumulative incident light for relating light and shade conditions to daytime distribution (abundance and biomass) of juvenile chinook salmon.
Meehan, William R.; Brusven, Merlyn A.; and Ward, John F.
"Effects of artificial shading on distribution and abundance of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha),"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 47
, Article 4.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol47/iss1/4