Mortality of spruce in mixed conifer stands moderately to heavily infested with western spruce dwarf mistletoe was two to five times greater than in healthy stands in the White Mountains, Arizona. Ten-year volume growth loss for heavily infected spruce trees ranged from 25% to 40%. Estimates of growth loss for spruce on a stand basis ranged from 10% to 20% in heavily infested stands. Because western spruce dwarf mistletoe is prevalent in the White Mountains and causes increased mortality and reduced growth, its control should be included in management of mixed conifer stands there.
Mathiasen, Robert L.; Hawksworth, Frank G.; and Edminster, Carleton B.
"Effects of dwarf mistletoe on spruce in the White Mountains, Arizona,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 46
, Article 13.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol46/iss4/13