Mating system variation in anuran amphibians of the Arizona-Sonoran Desert was reviewed. Male density and breeding period duration were negatively correlated in seven bufonids and pelobatids. Variation in male mating behavior and ability of females to freely select their mates unhindered by active-searching males also was related directly to male density. These observations support hypotheses relating ecological factors to mating system organization. It is suggested that male calling behavior, and anuran lek mating systems in general, may be significantly influenced by predation on vocalizing males.
Sullivan, Brian K.
"Sexual selection and mating system variation in anuran amphibians of the Arizona–Sonoran Desert,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 45
, Article 6.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol45/iss4/6