Understory vegetal response was found to significantly increase with the degree of thinning in an early regenerating, dense stand of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta). The value of the increased vegetation for deer and elk was determined to be important through comparisons with known dietary and habitat preferences.
Austin, D. D. and Urness, Philip J.
"Vegetal responses and big game values after thinning regenerating lodgepole pine,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 42
, Article 2.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol42/iss4/2