Habitat segregation trends have been observed and published for the sexes of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) based on elevation and slope exposure. Despite these brief descriptions, quantitative studies on habitat segregation by the sexes of mule deer are lacking. Results of research conducted in central Utah indicated no significant difference in elevation positions used by males, but did show significant difference in utilization of study sites based on slope exposure, relative percentage forb cover, and relative percentage hiding cover. Males were most common at sites characterized by low forb abundance and hiding cover, and on south-facing exposures. Females were most common at sites characterized by high forb abundance and hiding cover, and on north-facing exposures. Possible advantages of habitat separation to both sexes and management implications are discussed.
King, Michael M. and Smith, H. Duane
"Differential habitat utilization by the sexes of mule deer,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 40
, Article 9.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol40/iss3/9