Food habits of a population of the Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Butte County, were studied. The 421 pellets examined yielded 2,436 prey items of at least 22 prey species. Invertebrates, largely insects, constituted 91 percent of the total prey items, but only 29 percent of the total biomass; mammals constituted 8 percent of the prey items, but 68 percent of the biomass. The prey were mostly nocturnal species; diurnal species were poorly represented.
Gleason, R. L. and Craig, T. H.
"Food habits of Burrowing Owls in southeastern Idaho,"
Great Basin Naturalist: Vol. 39
, Article 11.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/gbn/vol39/iss3/11