ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, medication, efficacy, cost, pediatric
Although a common psychological disorder, pharmacological treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be a costly endeavor. Among 4-5 year olds, methylphenidate is a safe, efficacious, and cost-effective option for short-, intermediate-, and long-acting medication options. Short-acting methylphenidate, intermediate-acting methylphenidate ER and SR, and long-acting methylphenidate LA are the most efficacious and cost-effective medications. Selection of non-stimulant medications should be based upon recommended guidelines rather than primarily on cost. For children incapable of swallowing pills, the most efficacious and cost-effective treatments are short-acting dextroamphetamine liquid and long-acting methylphenidate LA capsules that can be opened and sprinkled over food.
Original Publication Citation
Luthy, K. E., David, R. M., Macintosh, J. L., Eden, L. M., & Beckstrand, R. L. (2015). Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Comparison of medication efficacy and cost. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 11(2), 226-232. doi:10.1016/j.nurpra.2014.07.026
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Luthy, Karlen E.; David, Robert M.; Macintosh, Janelle L B; Eden, Lacey M.; and Beckstrand, Renea L., "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Comparison of Medication Efficacy and Cost" (2015). All Faculty Publications. 1773.
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is the author's submitted version of this article. The definitive version can be found at http://www.npjournal.org/article/S1555-4155(14)00512-1/fulltext
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