diffractive optical elements, diffractive optics, electronic holography, liquid crystal displays, three-dimensional displays
We describe the design, construction, and performance of the first real-time autostereoscopic three-dimensional (3-D) display based on the partial pixel 3-D display architecture. The primary optical components of the 3-D display are an active-matrix liquid crystal display and a diffractive optical element (DOE). The display operates at video frame rates and is driven with a conventional VGA signal. Three-dimensional animations with horizontal motion parallax are readily viewable as sets of stereo images. Formation of the virtual viewing slits by diffraction from the partial pixel apertures is experimentally verified. The measured contrast and perceived brightness of the display are excellent, but there are minor flaws in image quality due to secondary images. The source of these images and how they may be eliminated is discussed. The effects of manufacturing-related systematic errors in the DOE are also analyzed.
Original Publication Citation
G. P. Nordin, M. W. Jones, J. H. Kulick, R. G. Lindquist, and S. T. Kowel, "A 3-D Display Utilizing a Diffractive Optical Element and an Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display," Opt. Eng. 35(12), pp. 344-3412 (1996)
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Nordin, Gregory P.; Jones, M. W.; Kowel, S. T.; Kulick, J. H.; and Lindquist, R. G., "Three-Dimensional Display Utilizing a Diffractive Optical Element and an Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display" (1996). All Faculty Publications. 1146.
SPIE -- Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology
Electrical and Computer Engineering
© 1996 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper was published in Optical Engineering and is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited
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