Abstract

Chemotherapy is a method used to treat cancer but it has a number of side-effects. Research conducted by the Department of Chemical Engineering at BYU involves a new method of administering chemotherapy using ultrasound waves and water-soluble capsules. The goal is to reduce the side-effects by localizing the delivery of the medication. As part of this research, a two-factor experiment was conducted on rats to test if the water-soluble capsules and ultrasound waves by themselves have an effect on tumor growth or patient survival. Our project emphasizes the usage of Bayesian Hierarchical Models and Win-BUGS to jointly model the survival data and the longitudinal data—mass. The results of the joint analysis indicate that the use of ultrasound and water-soluble microcapsules have no negative effect on survival. In fact, there appears to be a positive effect on the survival since the rats in the ultrasound-capsule group had higher survival rates than the rats in other treatment groups. From these results, it does appear that the new technology involving ultrasound waves and microcapsules is a promising way to reduce the side-effects of chemotherapy. It is strongly advocated that the formulation of a joint model for any longitudinal and survival data be performed. For future work for the ultrasound-microcapsule data it is recommended that joint modeling of the mass, tumor volume, and survival data be conducted to obtain additional information.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Statistics

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2007-03-21

Document Type

Selected Project

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd1775

Keywords

Bayesian Hierarchical Models, longitudinal, survival, joint modeling of longitudinal and survival data, mixed model, SAS, WinBUGS

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