A system has been developed for converting raster images into vector images. Raster images are made of pixels, while vector images are made of smoother shapes. The image is first segmented, and the segments are layered. The boundary of each segment is approximated with a periodic B-Spline curve. This curve is then used to create a B-Spline surface to approximate the interior of the segment. The algorithm fits each B-Spline to the colors of the image using least-squares approximation. The color and shape of each B-Spline surface are extrapolated into regions behind other segments. The result is a vector image made of layered B-Spline surfaces.
College and Department
Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Computer Science
BYU ScholarsArchive Citation
Armstrong, Curtis A., "Vectorization of Raster Images Using B-Spline Surfaces" (2006). All Theses and Dissertations. 763.