Abstract

Low-head dams are capable of creating dangerous counter-currents just downstream from the structure. These dangerous counter-currents are known as submerged hydraulic jumps and are responsible for hundreds of fatalities at numerous low-head dams across the United States. The counter-current creates high upstream-directed surface velocities across the width of the channel, making it nearly impossible for an individual to escape. This submerged jump can occur during a range of upstream and downstream conditions. Effective, safe and low-cost remediation options must be explored in order to prevent further fatalities at these structures. This document explores such a remediation option: the Multiple Staggered Deflector Design. This remediation option will disrupt uniform upstream-directed surface velocities across the channel within a submerged jump for nearly all downstream conditions that create a submerged jump for a range of upstream conditions. The dam modification is designed such that an individual will escape the submerged jump without severe injury or harm, while being relatively inexpensive and simple to install.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Civil and Environmental Engineering

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2016-12-01

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd8958

Keywords

low-head dam, remediation, submerged jump, deflectors

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