Abstract

Inlet distortion is an important consideration in fan performance. Distortion can be caused through flight conditions and airframe-engine interfaces. The focus of this paper is a series of high-fidelity time accurate Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations of a multistage fan. These investigate distortion transfer and generation as well as the underlying flow physics of these phenomena under different operating conditions. The simulations are performed on the full annulus of a 3 stage fan. The code used to carry out these simulations is a modified version of OVERFLOW 2.2 developed as part of the Computational Research and Engineering Acquisition Tools and Environment (CREATE) program. Several modifications made to the code are described within this thesis. The inlet boundary condition is specified as a 1/rev total pressure distortion. Simulations at choke, design, and near stall points are analyzed and compared to experimental data. Analysis includes the phase and amplitude of total temperature and pressure distortion through each stage of the fan and blade loading plots. An understanding of the flow physics associated with distorted flows will help designers account for unsteady flow physics at design and off-design operating conditions and build more robust fans with a greater stability margin.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2014-06-01

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd7113

Keywords

turbofan, CFD, engine stall, inlet distortion

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