Title (Spanish)

Evaluación de vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna) alimentadas con tres tipos de heno (Bromus catharticus, Phalaris tuberosum y Medicago sativa) en estabulación, en el municipio de Tiahuanaco, departamento de La Paz

Abstract

This study was conducted in the Rural Academic Unit of Tiahuanaco, in the Ingavi province, in the department of La Paz. Three juvenile vicunas and three adult vicunas were used. Our objective was to observe the development of vicunas (Vicugna vicugna) fed with three types of hay (Bromus catharicus Phalaris tuberoisum and Medicago sativa) in stables. We obtained the following results: rectal temperature of 38.2ºC in juveniles and 38.6ºC in adults; heart rate of 68 beats/min in juveniles and 67 beats/min in adults; respiratory rate of 18 breaths/min in juveniles and 17 breaths/min in adults; femoral vein pulse of 70 pulses/min in juveniles and 64 pulses/min in adults; compartment movement of 7 movements/min 7 times in juveniles and 7 movements/min 7 times in adults. Measurements for apparent digestibility were: (MS) 78.8% in juveniles and 80.4% in adults; (MO) 74.2% in juveniles and 76.4% in adults; (PB) 85.2% in juveniles and 83.7% in adults; (EE) 83.2% in juveniles and 76.2% in adults; (FDN) 75.6% in juveniles and 73.8% in adults; (ELN) 81.2% in juveniles and 78.3% in adults; (NDT) 80.4% in juveniles and 77.7% in adults; (ED/Kcal) 353.8 grams in juveniles and 341.8 grams in adults. For metabolites en vicuna serum we obtained: total protein of 6.7 g/dl in juveniles and 7.7 g/dl in adults; albumin of 5.3 g/dl in juveniles and 5.7 g/dl in adults; creatinine of 1.3 mg/dl in juveniles and 1.5 mg/dl in adults; urea of 40.7 mg/dl in juveniles and 39.2 mg/dl in adults; glucose of 131.8 mg/dl in juveniles and 130.7 mg/dl in adults; cholesterol of 29 mg/dl in juveniles and 27.4 mg/dl in adults; triglycerides of 44.2 mg/dl in juveniles; GPT of 5.5 UI/I in juveniles and 5.1 UI/I in adults; GOT of 5.4 UI/I in juveniles and 5.1 UI/I in adults; calcium of 8.5 mg/dl in juveniles and 8.3 mg/dl in adults; phosphorus of 2.4 mg/dl in juveniles and 2.3 mg/dl in adults; magnesium of 19 mEq/L. Lastly, we observed a weight gain of 2.6 g/day in juveniles and 1.8 g/day in adults.

Abstract (Spanish)

El presente estudio se realizó en la Unidad Académica Campesina de Tiahunaco de la Provincia Ingavi, del Departamento La Paz, en 3 vicuñas juveniles y 3 vicuñas adultas; con el objetivo de evolución de vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna) alimentadas con tres tipos de heno (Bromus catharicus, Phalaris tuberoisum y Medicago sativa) en estabulación. Obteniendo los siguientes resultados: En vicuñas juveniles la temperatura rectal 38.2°C, Adultas 38.6°C; Frecuencia cardiaca en tuis 68 latidos/min. Adultas 67 latidos/min.; Frecuencia respiratoria en tuis 18 Resp/min. Adultas 17 Resp/min.; Pulsación de vena femoral en tuis 70 Pul/min. Adultas 64 Pul/min.; Movimientos de compartimientos en tuis 7 veces 7 Mov/min. Adultas 7 veces 7 Mov./min.; La digestibilidad aparente fue (MS) en tuis 78.8% Adultas 80.4%.; (MO) en tuis 74.2%, Adultas 76.4%.; (PB) en tuis 85.2%ç, Adultas 83.7%.; (EE) en tuis 83.2%, Adultas 76.2%.; (FDN) en tuis 75.6%, Adultas 73.8%.; (ELN) en tuis 81.2%, Adultas 78.3%; (NDT) en tuis 80.4%, adultas 77.7%.; (ED/Kcal.) en tuis 353.8g., adultas 341.8g. En metabolitos en sueros de vicuñas ha obtenido en proteína total en tuis 6.7 g/dl, Adultas 7.7 g/dl.; Albúmina en tuis 5.3 g/dl, Adultas 5.7 g/dl. Creatinina en tuis 1.3 mg/dl, Adultas 1.5 mg/dl.; Urea en tuis 40.7 mg/d, Adultas 39.2 mg/dl.; Glucosa en tuis 131.8 mg/dl, Adultas 130.7 mg/dl.; Colesterol tuis 29 mg/dl, Adultas 27.4 mg/dl.; Triacilgleceroles en tuis 44.2 mg/dl.; GPT en tuis 5.5 UI/I, Adultas 5.1 UI/I.; GOT en tuis 5.4 UI/I. Adultas 5.1 UI/I.; Calcio en tuis 8.5 mg/dl, Adultas 8.3 mg/dl.; Fósforo en tuis 2.4 mg/dl. Adultas 2.3 mg/dl. Magnesio 1.9 mEq/L. En la ganancia de peso vivo en tuis 2.6 g/día, Adultas 1.8 g/día.

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2007

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etdm803

Keywords

Llamas, llama farms, Bolivia

Additional Information

Thesis (Ing. Zootecnica)--Unidad Academica Campesina Tiahuanaco, Universidad Catolica Boliviana "San Pablo", 2007

Coverage

La Paz (Bolivia)

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