The material removal process uses cutting tools in order to produce the desired shape of the workpiece. Tool wear has been a problem for cutting tools, since cutting tools wear and break. Research has been accomplished in the tool wear field for tool life and more recently tool wear. The computer generation has created a method to simulate the material removal process. These computer simulations model the cutting tool reaction with the workpiece. Many of the simulation models use finite element analysis to calculate the reaction of the cutting tool. Different finite element models are being used throughout the world for research. This thesis used an updated Lagrangian model in conjunction with Archard's law to predict the wear of the cutting tool. This research used experimental data to correlate with simulation data to see whether or not Archard's law was a good approximation for tool wear. The research used different side rake angles and cutting surface speed to test the simulation. Shear angle, contact length, cutting ratio, and force are used to provide output values to compare the experimental and computer simulation data. The comparative results showed good trends between the experimental and computer simulation data in every comparison. The results also showed a good approximation for the force and contact length values. Archard's law can be used to model wear on cutting tools with further research.



College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Technology



Date Submitted


Document Type





tool wear, simulation, 1018 steel, Archard's law, orthogonal machining