Abstract

Photometric techniques are often used to observe stars and it can be demonstrated that fundamental stellar properties can be observationally determined using calibrated sets of photometric data. Many of the most powerful techniques utilized to calibrate stellar photometry employ the use of stars in clusters since the individual stars are believed to have many common properties such as age, composition, and approximate distance. Broadband photometric Johnson/Cousins BVRI observations are presented for several nearby open clusters. The new photometry has been tested for consistency relative to archival work and shown to be both accurate and precise. The careful use of a regular routine when making photometric observations, along with the monitoring of instrumental systems and the use of various quality control techniques when making observations or performing data reductions, will enhance an observer's ability to produce high-quality photometric measurements. This work contains a condensed review of the history of photometry, along with a brief description of several popular photometric systems that are often utilized in the field of stellar astrophysics. Publications written by Taylor or produced during the early Taylor and Joner collaboration are deemed especially relevant to the current work. A synopsis of seven archival publications is offered, along with a review of notable reports of VRI photometric observations for the nearby Hyades open star cluster. The body of this present work consists of four publications that appeared between the years 2005 and 2008, along with a soon to be submitted manuscript for a fifth publication. Each of these papers deals specifically with high-quality broadband photometry of open clusters with new data being presented for the Hyades, Coma, NGC 752, Praesepe, and M67. It is concluded that the VRI photometry produced during the Taylor and Joner collaborative investigations forms a high-quality data set that has been: 1) stable for a period of more than 25 years; 2) monitored and tested several times for consistency relative to the broadband Cousins system, and 3) shown to have well-understood transformations to other versions of broadband photometric systems. Further work is suggested for: 1) the transformation relationships for the reddest stars available for use as standards; 2) the standardization of more fields for use with CCD detectors; 3) a further investigation of transformations of blue color indices for observations done using CCD detectors with enhanced UV sensitivity, and 4) a continuation of work on methods to produce high-quality observations of assorted star clusters (both open and globular) with CCD-based instrumentation and intermediate-band photometric systems.

Degree

PhD

College and Department

Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Physics and Astronomy

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2011-03-14

Document Type

Dissertation

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd4286

Keywords

open clusters and associations, individual, Coma, Hyades, M67, NGC 752, Praesepe, stars, fundamental parameters, techniques, photometric, methods, statistical

Share

COinS