Abstract

This thesis introduces and presents the modeling of a novel compliant spinal implant designed to reduce back pain and restore function to degenerate spinal disc tissues as well as provide a mechanical environment conducive to healing the tissues. The initial objectives for this device development and the focus of this work are modeling and validation of the force-deflection relationships and stress analysis. Modeling was done using the pseudo-rigid-body model to create a 3 degree of freedom mechanism for flexion-extension (forward-backward bending) and a 5 degree of freedom mechanism for lateral bending (side-to-side). These models were analyzed using the principle of virtual work to obtain the force-deflection response of the device. The model showed good correlation to finite element analysis and experimental results. Also, described in this thesis is a model that incorporates an estimate of the combined stiffness of the biologic structures. This combined model is confirmed by cadaveric testing. A stress analysis of the implant for combined loading conditions is also presented. This work introduces and provides a foundation for the FlexSuRe™ spinal implant.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Mechanical Engineering

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2010-05-13

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd3588

Keywords

FlexSuRe, spine, implant, virtual work, compliant

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