Abstract

Optical fibers are increasingly being used to create sensing devices. The D-fiber has an elliptical core and exhibits birefringence. This birefringence can be used to create a polarimetric sensor. The elliptical core supports two orthogonal modes that have separate effective indices of refraction. The indices of refraction change with a change in temperature. Since the effective indices of refraction change differently for the two modes, the birefringence also changes. This change in birefringence can be seen as a change in detected power through the fiber through the use of polarizers. The fiber then becomes a temperature sensor. The sensitivity of the fiber can be enhanced by replacing a section of the core of the fiber with a sensing material. With the sensing material in the core of the fiber, it has direct interaction with the light and strongly affects it. A polarimetric temperature sensor is created by replacing a section of the core with a polymer, which is sensitive to temperature. The core-replaced fiber in a polarimetric sensing configuration is compared to a a unetched fiber set up in the same way. The core-replaced fiber sensor is five times as sensitive to temperature as an unetched fiber.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Ira A. Fulton College of Engineering and Technology; Electrical and Computer Engineering

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2004-11-23

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd606

Keywords

optical fiber, D-fiber, sensor, polarimetric, temperature

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