Abstract

This thesis discusses the process of modeling a 21,000 seat fan-shaped auditorium using methods of geometric acoustics. Two commercial geometric acoustics software packages were used in the research: CATT-Acoustic™ 8.0 and EASE™ 4.1. The process first included creating preliminary models of the hall using published absorption coefficients for its surfaces and approximate scattering coefficients based on current best-known techniques. A detailed analysis determined the minimum numbers of rays needed in both packages to produce reliable results with these coefficient values. It was found that 100,000 rays were needed for CATT™ and 500,000 rays were needed for EASE™. Analysis was also done to determine whether the model was sensitive to the scattering coefficients of the seating areas. It was found that most acoustic parameters were not significantly affected by scattering coefficient variation. The models were subsequently refined by including measured absorption coefficients of dominant surfaces in the hall: the seats, audience and suspended absorptive panels. Comparisons were made between measurements made in the hall and results from the computer models with impulse responses, acoustic parameters, and auralizations. The results have shown that the models have been successful at representing characteristics of the hall at some positions but less successful at representing them at other positions. Comparisons have shown that positions on the rostrum were especially difficult positions to model in this hall. Significant differences were not found between the preliminary models and the refined models. There was not significant evidence showing that either the EASE™ or the CATT™ model was more successful in accurately representing the acoustical conditions of the hall. The results from this research suggest that more work must be done to improve the modeling capabilities of these packages for this application.

Degree

MS

College and Department

Physical and Mathematical Sciences; Physics and Astronomy

Rights

http://lib.byu.edu/about/copyright/

Date Submitted

2004-11-09

Document Type

Thesis

Handle

http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd591

Keywords

acoustic, computer modeling, auralization, Conference Center, geometric acoustic modeling, geometric acoustics, scattering coefficients, absorption coefficients

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