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BYU Studies Quarterly

BYU Studies Quarterly

Authors

Kent P. Jackson

Abstract

In 1828, the H. and E. Phinney Company in Cooperstown, New York, published a quarto-size edition of the King James Bible. This is the version that Joseph Smith, founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, used in his work when he created a new translation of the Bible. Here the author examines Joseph Smith"€™s marked-up copy of the Phinney Bible as an artifact important to Mormonism"€”some of Smith"€™s corrections and additions appear in footnotes of the Bible that Mormons use today. The author notes that the Phinney Bible"€™s updated language is more modern than the version of the Bible Latter-day Saints officially use (the King James), and the modernization may or may not have influenced Joseph Smith"€™s word choice in creating his translation. The author also gives biographical information on the Phinneys, describes how their Bible may have made its way into Joseph Smith"€™s hands, briefly traces the history of the English Bible in America, and describes the printing process employed by the Phinneys.

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