The anti-Catholic movement of the 1850s shares common features with the anti-Masonic movement of the 1830s and the anti-Mormon movement of the 1870s and 1880s. A closer look at these three movements reveals a distrust among nineteenth-century Americans for any small yet unified minority. The author discusses the similarities among the three campaigns and explores reasons why the anti-Mormon crusade was successful when the previous two were not.
Cannon, Mark W.
"The Crusades Against the Masons, Catholics, and Mormons: Separate Waves of a Common Current,"
BYU Studies Quarterly: Vol. 3
, Article 5.
Available at: http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/byusq/vol3/iss2/5