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Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, Biological Series

Abstract

The paper includes discussions and descriptions of species of Anoplura known to occur on Venezuelan rodents, and of certain other taxa related to Venezuelan forms. Five genera are represented: Enderleinellus Fahrenholz—2 species: insularis Werneck and venezuelae Ferris; Hoplopleura Enderlein—19 species, 11 of them new: sciuricola Ferris; arizonensis Stojanovich and Pratt; aitkeni, new species; travassosi Werneck; abeli, new species; rimae, new species; angulata Ferris; indiscreta, new species; tiptoni, new species; handleyi, new species; eximia, new species; quadridentata (Neumann); contigua, new species; nesoryzomydis Ferris; oryzomydis Pratt and Lane; multilobata Werneck; splendida, new species; inusitata, new species; and orinocoi, new species; Fahrenholzia Kellogg and Ferris—1 species: schwartzi Werneck; Neohaematopinus Mjöberg—1 species: semifasciatus Ferris, sensu lato; and Polypax Enderlein—1 species: spinulosa (Burmeister), which is found on introduced Rattus species. Keys to the genera and to the species of Hoplopleura are included. Hoplopleura is the most characteristic genus of Anoplura in South America, and there are several marked species groups within the genus. One of the groups was placed by Ewing (1923) in the genus Pterophthirus, which is considered a synonym of Hoplopleura Enderlein in this paper.

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